Apr 2, 2019

April is National Child Abuse Prevention Month

Feb 5, 2018
*NEW* Child Care Change Report form now available on our website.
Oct 13, 2017
The Family and Individual Services Unit has been renamed Public Assistance in order to be more aligned with the services provided to the public
Aug 21, 2017

Kenynia Howard was indicted by a Sandusky County Grand Jury and pled guilty to theft and Medicaid eligibility fraud.           

Jul 22, 2015

The Sandusky County Department of Job and Family Services along with the eight counties listed below implemented a call center know as COLLABOR8. These nine (9) JFS Departments share a telephone and imaging system between counties to service public assistance consumers.

Nov 7, 2012
Child Support Web Portal Now Available

When is it All Right...

to Leave Your Child Alone?

One of the most difficult decisions a parent must make is determining when it is safe to leave a child at home alone. Most child care experts and parent educators are reluctant to offer advice for fear of encouraging parents to leave young children unattended. The very real fact, however, is that work is a financial necessity for many parents. Some parents - because of isolation from relatives or lack of appropriate or affordable child care - feel they have no alternative to leaving their children alone while they are at work. They see their choice as feeding their children or paying someone to care for them after school.

According to the National Committee for the Prevention fo Child Abuse, some seven million children in the United States return to empty houses after school. Nationwide, that is about one child in four. According to the National PTA, 65% of the mothers of school-age children in the United States work outside the home. Single-parent households now account for 25% of families, and the number is rising. If more women enter the work force, the likelihood is that the number of children left alone to care for themselves on a daily basis will increase.

The real solution to this issue is to ensure that low-cost, readily accessible child care is available to anyone who needs it. Child welfare professionals and advocates across the United States have focused lobbying efforts towards this achievement. Unfortunately, this long-term solution does not offer answers to parents now faced with deciding if it is all right to leave their child alone.

Children have no magic age when staying alone suddenly turns safe. Your child's readiness for self-care depends on many factors, including the environmental circumstances of the situation; your child's level of maturity, dependability, and ability to make reasonable decisions; and your child's relationship to you.

Environmental Circumstances
Things you should think about:

  • How long will the child be left alone?
  • What time of day is it?
  • How close is the child to trusted adults who can help in an emergency?
  • How safe is the environment?
  • What is expected of the child? For example, is the child responsible for the care of a younger sibling?
  • How easily can you be reached by telephone?


Maturity of the Child
There are many different levels and indicators of maturity. Your child's actions or inactions can tell you a lot about his capabilities and abilities. Children are not miniature adults. Maturity is a long, gradual process. A responsible person is able to carry out a duty and is answerable for his own behavior. Characteristics and behaviors you can look at when trying to determine the level of your child's maturity include his:

  • Age. Although chronological age does not necessarily give a child maturity, there are characteristics and capabilities necessary to self-care which, developmentally, are age linked. For example, no three-year-old child has developed the physical or mental capabilities necessary for self-care.
  • Ability to think things through, to reason and use logic.
  • Truthfulness. Truthfulness reflects a child's ability to accept responsibility for his actions. You will be depending on your child to share his daily experiences with you, and to be truthful about what has occurred during his self-care. You also will be depending on your child's obedience to the rules of the home.
  • Ability to plan ahead.  Planning ahead is reflective of the child's ability to reason. Your child's ability to plan his time will have impact on his actions during self-care: whether he finds himself with a lot of extra time spent in front of the television or in inappropriate activities, or whether his time is used constructively and beneficially.
  • Independence and the ability to say "no."   Crucial to successful self-care is a child's ability to resist temptation or the pressure of peers.
  • Self-esteem.  One essential ingredient to successful self-care is the child's confidence in himself and his abilities.
  • Ability to enforce rules and appropriately discipline if responsible for the care of siblings.
  • Ability to discriminate right from wrong.
  • Ability to recognize and respond to an emergency.

A child's dependability can be measured in little ways. Does he arrive places on schedule? Do chores get finished? Does he stay where planned without wandering around the neighborhood? Does he inform you before leaving the home? Does he follow directions?

Ability to Make Reasonable Decisions
When children are left alone, adults trust them to make reasonable decisions. "Should I open the door to this stranger?" "Would it be okay if my friends come in?" "Can I heat up some oil for popcorn?" Children usually cannot call to ask permission for every decision they must make while they are alone. Adults need to evaluate how well a child makes decisions before the child is left alone.

Your Child's Relationship to You
For self-care to be successful, you and your child must have a relationship which encourages honest and open communication. Staying alone can be a scary thing. Your child must feel free to discuss his fears and feelings with you, as well as any problems which he might experience.

If after answering these questions, you cannot decide if your child is ready for self-care, he probably is not ready. Self-care requires your full confidence in his abilities. It is unfair and unrealistic for you to expect your child to function well in a situation neither of you is ready for.

Adapted from Iowa Council For Children and Families, Vol. 7, No. 5, April/May 1983
From Child Abuse and Neglect Ohio Department of Job and Family Services

Click here to access Sandusky County Children Services Guidelines for Supervision of Children.